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What's an Easy PHP Framework for Beginners?

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PHP is a versatile and powerful language that has been a staple in web development for years. For beginners, diving into PHP development can be daunting, but choosing the right framework can make all the difference. In this guide, we’ll explore Laravel, an easy PHP framework for beginners, and why it’s an excellent choice for your first steps into the world of PHP frameworks.

Why Laravel?

Laravel is renowned for its simplicity, elegance, and comprehensive documentation. It offers a rich set of features that streamline common tasks, making it easier for beginners to build robust applications without getting overwhelmed. Here’s why Laravel stands out:

  1. Elegant Syntax: Laravel’s syntax is clean and readable, making it accessible for those new to PHP.
  2. Comprehensive Documentation: Laravel’s documentation is thorough and beginner-friendly, providing clear instructions and examples.
  3. Built-in Tools: Laravel includes numerous built-in tools for common web development tasks, such as routing, authentication, and caching.
  4. Active Community: Laravel has a large and active community, meaning you can easily find support, tutorials, and packages to extend your application.

Setting Up Laravel


Before you begin, ensure you have the following installed on your system:

  • PHP: Version 7.3 or higher.
  • Composer: A dependency manager for PHP.
  • Database: MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, or SQL Server.

Installing Laravel

  1. Install Composer:

    • If you haven’t already, download and install Composer from getcomposer.org.
  2. Create a New Laravel Project:

    • Open your terminal or command prompt and run the following command:
      composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel blog
    • This will create a new Laravel project in a directory named blog.
  3. Navigate to Your Project Directory:

    cd blog
  4. Serve Your Application:

    • Start the development server by running:
      php artisan serve
    • Open your browser and navigate to http://localhost:8000 to see your new Laravel application in action.

Understanding Laravel Basics

Directory Structure

Laravel’s directory structure is designed to be intuitive. Here are some key directories you should know:

  • app/: Contains the core application code (controllers, models, etc.).
  • config/: Holds configuration files.
  • database/: Contains database migrations, factories, and seeders.
  • public/: The web server root directory.
  • resources/: Contains views, CSS, and JavaScript assets.
  • routes/: Defines application routes.
  • storage/: Stores logs, compiled templates, and other generated files.


Laravel’s routing system is straightforward. Routes define how your application responds to requests.

  • Open the routes/web.php file and add a route:
    Route::get('/hello', function () {
        return 'Hello, World!';
  • Visit http://localhost:8000/hello to see your route in action.


Controllers handle the logic of your application. They group related route logic into a class.

  1. Create a Controller:

    php artisan make:controller HelloController
  2. Define a Method in the Controller:

    • Open app/Http/Controllers/HelloController.php and add a method:
      public function index() {
          return 'Hello from the controller!';
  3. Update the Route:

    • Modify routes/web.php to use the controller:
      Route::get('/hello', [HelloController::class, 'index']);


Views are the presentation layer of your application. Laravel uses Blade as its templating engine.

  1. Create a View:

    • In resources/views, create a file named hello.blade.php:
      <!DOCTYPE html>
          <h1>{{ $message }}</h1>
  2. Return the View from the Controller:

    • Modify HelloController to pass data to the view:
      public function index() {
          return view('hello', ['message' => 'Hello from Blade!']);

Working with Databases

Laravel makes database interactions simple with Eloquent ORM.


Migrations are version control for your database.

  1. Create a Migration:

    php artisan make:migration create_posts_table
  2. Define the Table Structure:

    • Open the migration file in database/migrations and define the columns:
      public function up() {
          Schema::create('posts', function (Blueprint $table) {
  3. Run the Migration:

    php artisan migrate

Eloquent Models

Eloquent makes working with databases elegant and simple.

  1. Create a Model:

    php artisan make:model Post
  2. Use the Model:

    • Open app/Models/Post.php and define any necessary relationships or custom methods.


Laravel is an excellent PHP framework for beginners due to its elegant syntax, comprehensive documentation, and built-in tools. By following this quick start guide, you’ll be well on your way to developing robust web applications with Laravel. The journey of learning a new framework can be challenging, but with Laravel, you’ll find it both enjoyable and rewarding.

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